BIM Versus AutoCAD(D) – What’s the Difference?

While today we live in an era of technological advancement, there were times that the design and drafting need to be hand-drawn throughout the project life cycle. It was a tedious task but had no other way around. But with today’s software catering to the needs of the professionals, AutoCAD and BIM are few of the most used and widely popular amongst the construction and design industry professionals.

So what is CAD(D) exactly?

CAD stands for computer-aided design. You can also add an extra D for drafting as well. It is used for design development and optimizing your work. It enables the professionals to design on their computer screen and save it for editing in the future. It is used for preliminary designing, layout, detailing work and also calculations. You can also make a 3D representation of the object in CAD(D).

Professionals whom it caters to –

1. Engineers

2.Architects

3.Designers

With CAD in the background, the professionals are freaking out over BIM and the easy workflow that it offers.

So, what is the hype over BIM?

Well, the hype is real and for some real reasons! Unlike CAD being software, BIM is a process through which generating drawings are much easier and faster. Here is an illustration explaining the many facets of BIM 

It facilitates all the important aspects of designing in the form of digital representation. Not just geometrical, it covers everything from a spatial relationship, light analysis, geographical form, etc.

Professionals whom it caters to –

1.Engineers

2.Architects

3.Designers

4.Constructors

5.Business Owners

Still, confused?

CAD is the software dedicated in design and drafting works, whereas BIM is a process, a methodology by which professionals can work collaboratively to design and build a building, establishing the same details use and computer model. This allows for easier communication and breaks the barriers of time and distance. It does so by acting as a common resource working across multiple disciplines of designing and drafting.

Since both differ in usages, it completely depends on the professionals as to what kind of outcomes they are expecting.

As far as CAD is concerned it is typically used for the industrial design of mechanical and electrical. Whereas, BIM is extensively used in the design and construction industry.

How Indovance can help you gain expertise in your business.

Indovance caters in CAD drafting and modelling and BIM services since 2003. We majorly work in Mechanical, Architecture, Civil, Graphics and Pre-media domain and can put all your worries at bay. With a team of experts, we can help you and your team in performing better and faster than your competition. You can outsource you CAD Design and Modeling and BIM services and we assure to you guaranteed quality results with the quickest TAT possible.

You can email us at info@indovance.com and can log in to our website www.indovance.com to know more about our services and our work portfolio.

How Indovance Partnered with a Leading Architectural Firm to Deliver Large Scale Projects in Time!

Have you ever thought of the crazy lengths of work hours spent on the traditional software and, the loopholes that keep finding their ways to your design? Well, then there are ways to keep your worries at bay by partnering to outsource your project requirements, potentially resulting in reduced operational cost to half with high-quality.

Professionals working in this arena where designing and drafting is an everyday affair must understand that Outsourcing some process-driven services can make a huge impact in their internal working patterns. This fosters more attention to their core area of work, which in this case is designing and conceptualizing. Outsourcing can streamline your CAD Drafting and Modelling work to a large extent. This can fetch you a lot of extra time which could be used in other core activities.

Indovance, recently partnered with a leading Architectural company to develop its Two Luxurious Townships within a span of 6 months which ultimately helped our client deliver their project in time and with highest accuracy. Here is how Indovance partnered and completed the project –

Project Overview

The client is based in the USA and are pioneers in building luxury housing apartments all over the Country. With many prestigious awards and works to their credit, the client has specialization in providing high end housing at affordable costs.

They were looking for an outsourcing partner to help them in managing all their Drafting and Detailing work such as Permit Drawing set, Structural Details, Furniture Details, Electrical layout, etc.

The client provided us with the schematic drawings of the project. An additional file was provided as a sample with details for reference purpose.

Requirement

The client needed all the structural drawings with the necessary call outs and details according to the standards provided. Layout of each and every unit and the construction permit drawings have to be done keeping the reference file in mind.

The project was spread across 5 different towers with 18 different types of units placed in symmetry with each other. Every floor consisted of 6 different types of units.

Security & Delivery

Data security and real-time updates in project files is something Indovance specifically looks into during any critical deliverables. In this project, our team was working on a remote common shared server to ensure we provide client with most updated files and there is no data lost or any other security concerns. Moreover, to ensure further security, no files could be downloaded at our end.

Indovance Solution Architect

We put our best team to pull over the project on time. Our team consisted of employees who are experts and experienced in delivering projects with strict timelines. The client was highly impressed with the kind of work that was delivered without any errors and with great precision.

Value Added

Our quality analyst reviews the project from every angle and every minute detail is paid attention to before delivering it to the client. Due to the 12-hour time difference between our client in the USA and our operation team in India, clients get error-free work done within defined time. Moreover, our 3-stage quality check process helps us in delivering the work in minimum to zero error. We are now a one-stop partner for this client and are currently working on multiple projects for them.

Indovance has an expert team of professionals working on Architecture projects since 2003. A well-skilled and experienced professional can help accomplish difficult and complex tasks with his/her years of experience like no other. We have a dedicated team of Architects to take care of your work reducing your operations cost to almost 54% lower.

Our current clientele is from the US, UK, Canada and Australia. Many of which are listed in the Fortune 500 company. If you want to discuss more on Architecture services feel free to drop in a mail at info@indovance.com, our business development team will connect with you ASAP. Also, you can head on to our website www.indovance.com to know more about our other services.

Think Architecture Think Sustainable!! Part 3

Source – conserve-energy-future.com

In the last 2 blogs we got to know about the sustainable material Wood and Timber. But are they really, sustainable? Yes! If the company cuts down the tree and do not deplete the forest. If they are not doing so, they aren’t sustainable at all. Same applies for bamboo as well. So, check before investing in all those materials. Using FSC controlled wood can be both green and sustainable.

So, what’s the matter with being sustainable? A sustainable building is a building that minimizes the hazardous effect keeping in mind the future of the building.

A sustainable building reduces the negative impact of the overall performance of the building. It acts as a preservative of all the natural and precious resources that are now getting scarce, thus improving the quality of life.

Some factors that should be considered while designing or strategies that needs to be implemented are –

  • Passive cooling design
  • Active cooling design
  • Renewable energy system
  • Green building material and finishes
  • Native landscapes
  • Stormwater management

By 2030, 60% of the population are going to live in urban areas, so it is of utmost important that they have sustainable living condition.

Following image shows the sustainability change merits.

Source – Ramboll.com

Livability factors that needs to be considered are shown in the graph below. It is a big deal to provide accurate information to the concerned authority such as DGNB, LEED and BREEAM to qualify the building as a sustainable one!

Source – Ramboll.com

Source – Ramboll.com

Source – Ramboll.com

Judgement Time

With the condition worsening gradually, the calling is urgent and mandatory. We need to understand how deeply things are affected and have worsened with time. Sustainable buildings reduce the negative impact of the overall performance of the building giving a positive and healthy option for the living conditions. Incorporating these, only leads for the betterment of the overall eco-system.

Indovance role

With having plethora of knowledge and experience and an array of work portfolio. We have built a trustworthy profile of customers who reach out to us for quality driven work in the lowest TAT possible. Having an experience of 16 years and counting we have dealt with variety of projects in architecture drafting and modeling services.

Also, the Part 1 and Part 2 of this blog is available on our website for you.

To know more about us you can visit our website on www.indovance.com. You can also directly call us at +1-919-238-4044 for any further query.

 

Think Architecture Think Sustainable – Part 2

How about relaxing or maybe even working in nature’s lap, instead of concrete jungles? That too, by just splurging half of the amount than that of a brick or glass structure?

Let’s dive into the subject to know how!

Bamboos are woody grass!! The main reason to involve them in construction is that they have an excellent tensile strength that can be equated with that of steel and its degree of hardness corresponds with that of Oak. Also, they are extremely strong and resilient to water, insects and funguses. They grow from 3mts to 30 mts in height just within a few months. According to ABS (American Bamboo Standards), bamboos grow best in full sunlight, however, some bamboo species grow best in low light/shadows as well.

Construction Fact

A typical American home is built using an acre of hardwood forest that takes 40 years to regenerate but will take only a quarter of an acre of the bamboo shoots to build the same house with about a year to regenerate. 

Bamboo Business

US is one of the prominent importers of Bamboo and in coming future, bamboos are going to own their farmlands on the US grounds far more extensively than they are today. Thus, reducing import costs and moving towards sustainability very effectively. There are 1400 bamboo species worldwide out of which only 2 species are favorable for growth on the US farmlands – Moso and Rubro. Moso is exclusively grown in the climatic zone 7 and 8 and Rubro is grown in 6 and 10. It takes 6 years for the Rubro to grow completely and 10 years for Moso.

Judgement Time 

With such great scope of this wondrous material, businesses are taking a lot of interest. Since the construction methods are very simple and easy and give a lot of aesthetic quality to the overall structure. Also, the joinery details are as similar to that of timber. So, the learning time is reduced to half. The only consideration that needs to be given is to the proper processing of bamboo since they get easily prone to insects, but keeping in mind the sustainability factor, it is for the betterment of the structure and eventually reduces its maintenance cost drastically. Though bamboo has a higher compressive and tensile strength than its rival brick, concrete and steel, we still cannot think of bamboo skyscraper, but yes for time being, we can surely build houses and small community spaces completely out of bamboo. So, yes, the final verdict can be that we can think of bamboo seriously as a building material accepting its flaws and change it for our benefit.

Our Expertise

We work keeping in mind the need of the hour! With rising concerns over global warming and sustainable materials, we have forged ahead and have contributed to the betterment of the community, whether it is going strong with timber or bamboo. So far, we have created outhouse and garages wholly out of Bamboos and in near future we are expanding our portfolio for more Bamboo oriented works. We believe in our employee’s strong work ethics and our clients for supporting and believing in us time and again. We are the catalyst to our clients need!

If you have any further queries call us at +1919-238-4044 or visit our, website www.indovance.com to know more.

PS – Here is the link to the part 1 of this blog.

Think Architecture Think Sustainable – Part 1

It’s a crazy-crazy world!! You know why? because each day people are making diversified inventions and doing miraculously great for their counterparts. Even construction in today’s day and age seems to be in the hands of environment-friendly material. Wood once used in cooking is now getting a whole new identity with its illustrious use in construction. Timber construction is the new age of sustainable concrete. Architects worldwide are showing great enthusiasm for this beauty.

Large timber performs very well in resisting fires and is recognized for such in building codes as well. Heavy timber construction is permitted for buildings of larger heights. This miracle building material also contributes to the environment by extracting carbon from the environment. Wooden flooring comes from trees that have angiosperm seeds. Some of the popular species include Oak, Maple, Cherry and Walnut. The hardness of real wood flooring is sometimes made from softwood as well.

Why Wood and not Concrete?

It’s super easy to assemble! You can build a 7-storey wooden structure with the help of a fewer number of carpenters in as less as 25 days! Now to keep things amazing for you let me tell you that timber makes for a calmer and cleaner building site as well. It requires a 5th of the deliveries by a truck than concrete does, and it hardly creates any wastes. Also, the speed of construction saves money!! Since it takes less time to construct thus saving construction and labour costs.

A Vancouver based Ar. Michael Green has proposed a 35 – Storey tower completely of Timber and will be named as Baobab. So yes, a new age timber structure of an Empire State building is completely possible now. Voila!! Here’s a sneak-peak where he shares his vision for more sustainable cities and states using Timber.

Judgement Time – So yes, this Timber case looks compelling enough. However larger invention like this usually has a lot of sceptical audiences  doing their permutations and combinations regarding the topic. It goes through a lot of grilling from the industry experts to see the light of the day. But as of now with all the reports and results, it is here to stay and make a mark in this otherwise big bad world of Concrete.

Our Expertise – We believe in providing our clients with all the knowledge expertise that our team have about the given subject. We have 16 long years of experience in Architecture drafting and modeling services. We are an apt provider of our services with the quickest TAT. For more details regarding the above subject feel free to contact us on +1 919-238-4044, also you can visit our website www.indovance.com  anytime to know about our other work domains.

We are here to help you with all your needs anytime!!

PS – Also, the Part 2 for this blog will be available soon. So do keep a track of all our upcoming blogs.

Bridging the Gap Between Architecture and Specially Abled with Universal Design

John was born healthy and wealthy as a newborn. What came to him as a bang was his retina cancer at the age of 13. He lost his eyesight and hence the world around him dwindled. The colors that were easily identifiable until yesterday were now all blanked out. Life suddenly seemed difficult and troublesome!

In 2015, a total of 1.02 million people were blind and almost 3.22 million people suffered from VI (Visually Impaired). By 2050, these numbers are projected to get doubled approximately to 2.01 million people with blindness and 6.95 million people with VI.

Considering the above data, it is evident that there is an urgent need of providing support and help to the visually impaired. It is a primary need to construct building keeping in mind all the necessities of a VI or a specially abled person. A building or a design should not be a huddle for the VI or specially abled but must have a welcoming gesture for the same. Keeping this in mind, various steps could be taken into consideration while designing the building/facility.

Universal Design is a big term that encompasses familiar methods such as ‘accessibility’ and ‘barrier-free’ design. Universal Design is a design for everyone which comprises of all those that are able as well as specially abled. According to the National Institute of Health the population of VI and blind in America is expected to get doubled to more than 8 million by 2050. But they live in houses that are not so comfortable and convenient for them, houses that do not listen to their need and comfort. The architecture of a place is not in getting mesmerized by looking at the detailing’s on the dome or the structure of the vaults, it is more about the feelings cultivated within the audience by sensing the place. It is the quality of experience that one goes through to interpret the space.

The design guidelines that can be followed are as follows –

  • The braille code and format must be up to date.
  • The layout of any room should not create hindrance by putting furniture in the middle of the circulation.
  • The furniture finish must be smooth and not edged since there are chances to get hit and get hurt.
  • Control glare lighting for opening, building orientations.
  • Some part of the wall could be recessed to let them know about the start and end of the walkway.
  • Minimal use of carpet floor so that the specially abled would get to move around quickly and also could sense the person coming in the way with the help of his/her footsteps.
  • Tactile pavers should be used as they are available in various textures and combination to guide the path.
    Tactile pavers in flooring are used to direct the specially abled
    Tactile pavers in flooring are used to direct the specially abled

Also, the light and glare need to be managed intelligently. The reflective characteristics such as the surface which is typically expressed in terms of the percentage of light falling on it, which is identified as the light reflectance value (LRV) should be considered always. A typical example is 20% for floors, 50% for walls and 80% ceilings.

Indovance Expertise

Indovance, Inc has done a huge diversity of projects in Architecture and Interior Design. We have a very talented workforce of dedicated staff working for us. We have a diversified portfolio ranging from industrial workplace design to BIM and MEP layout projects. We make sure that we cater to our clients need and give them 100% accurate and error-free drawings within a stipulated period.

For more information log onto our website at www.indovance.com or contact us at +1-919-238-4044. We are more than happy to help you with your needs!

 

Designing & Developing Structures Considering Egress & Emergency Evacuation Action Plans

Egress Banner-glow-signs
Designing architectural drawings and layouts involves enormous detailing, may it be regarding structure of the project, elevations, interior fit-outs, MEP or more. One such aspect is about the safety and security – Egress and Emergency Evacuation Action plans.

Egress & Emergency Evacuation Action Plan – A legal binding
As per the international fire code section 404 and 405, facilities must have fire and safety evacuation plans. Though the standards or formulas or the way drawing calculations are done for Emergency Evacuation Action Plan differ state or nationwide, the objective remains same – life safety, hence these are also called as Life Safety Plans.

What to consider while drawing Egress & Emergency Evacuation Action Plan?
Broadly, following are the factors to consider while drawing the building designs. In some cases, there could be additional factors that is to be considered depending upon the type of project and its objective. Here is a sample list for you – Egress Fire Exit Image

  • Area & occupancy of building
  • Remoteness between the doors
  • Number of doors required
  • Width of door (Minimum 36 inches)
  • Number of exits in the building
  • Minimum and maximum distance to the exit from any point of occupancy of building
  • Longest distance to the exit point (shouldn’t be more than 300ft.)
  • Number of staircases provided
  • Width of staircases
  • Floor marking & sign board towards exit points
  • ADA compliant signs

Parts of Egress:

  • Exit Access – Exit access is the portion of “Means of Egress” that leads to an entrance or exit
  • Exit – Exit is the portion separated by all other spaces by construction or equipment that provides a protected way of travel to the exit discharge
  • Exit Discharge – It’s the portion between the termination of an exit and a public way

Egress and Emergency Evacuation Action Plans can be for:

  • Fires
  • Severe Weather
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Chemical Release
  • Bomb Threats

Evacuation Strategies:
Different types of buildings or situation can lead to different evacuation strategy drawing, for example, a hospital cannot have a same evacuation strategy that of a residential building, or multi-storied residential building will have a different plan than a prisoner’s cell. Let’s think about three common scenarios of an evacuation strategies here –
Defend in Place
Defend in place strategies are commonly used where the evacuation of occupants may not be the ideal first response, such as hospitals and jails. For ex – in the case of fire in a hospital, evacuation into rain or freezing temperatures could be hazardous to the health of patients. Depending on where the fire occurs, patients can be moved to a different compartment where they can be protected from smoke and fumes. Hence, while designing the project drawings for such projects, connectivity within the building needs to be focused upon. Egress exit-path-marking
Phased Evacuations
Phased evacuations strategies may be implemented for the taller buildings. Fire departments then can evacuate the floor where a fire is located along with the two floors above and two floors below.
Full Evacuation
Full building evacuations may be necessary due to a range of incidents including natural hazards, technological events or deliberate events such as civil disturbance, bomb threats or acts of terrorism. Project drawings shall be drawn considering occupants should be able to exit or are assisted in exiting the building—ideally within less than half the duration of fire-resistance rating of the exit enclosures.

Indovance Inc, can help you with all such drawings. Our experts have proven knowledge of all the norms and standards followed globally for Egress and Emergency Evacuation Action Plans. We are a global leader in all Architectural, BIM, MEP, Civil and Mechanical engineering CAD drawings. With expertise in the outsourcing design and drafting services, team of professional Architects and Civil Engineers can deliver your project well in time and with best of quality.
To know more about our Architecture, BIM and MEP services, you can write us at info@indovance.com or call our sales team at +1 919-238-4044

BIM: A Game-Changer in Civil Engineering and Construction Industry

You must have probably heard about BIM by now. Don’t worry if you know only a little about BIM (Building Information Modeling), this article will tell you about BIM in a nutshell. And yes, you would also know the potential that BIM offers in the construction engineering industry.

People consider BIM as a software, well, this is partially correct, but that doesn’t give a picture in totality. BIM creates a virtual models of any project that can help to speed-up the construction work, and how exactly do the construction takes place? Look at the pie-chart that will help you understand better:

BIM

So, these are most common benefits that BIM offers. There will be many other benefits that will fall under the umbrella of these benefits. Wondering about final outcome? The final outcome is these amazing buildings in an incredibly low time. BIM gives more control right from the inception stage and thus, the quality issues are unbelievably low.

Using BIM, 3D Models of the buildings are made digitally. These models are given interesting textures, colors, and artistic effects that are prerequisites to the every project. BIM just enables to build the structure virtually. This virtual model is the representation of your actual building to be constructed. Other elements like windows, walls, stairs, etc. can be added. In a way, you are just prototyping. Engineers just love this because BIM has made the process very smooth.

Engineers do acknowledge the fact that simulations are necessary for this field. Various forces do act on the structure, so the effects of these forces have to be taken care of well in advance. BIM does that like a cakewalk. And changes can be made easily. You make a change in the model, other relevant entities like elevations, floor plans, etc. will reflect the change. So, the change management is taken care of!

BIM has an information model, that will tell you about various standard practices, and therefore, compliance is just made easy. One must acknowledge that conservation of environment has become a priority. And BIM is a technology that can reduce the impact of the infrastructure on the environment. So designs with better sustainability can very well be implemented in the structures with the help of BIM.

BIM 2

So far, so good. But, what about designs? Does BIM help with designs? Yes, it does. BIM can help you in creating visualizations that are very realistic, and you can just accommodate various designs virtually. Does this help you? Well, it should because you will have better chances of convincing your clients with impactful presentations. Now, it does help, doesn’t it?

BIM can aid you with cool presentations that can sway your stakeholders positively. BIM can let you have a better control on the information. And information is a weapon in today’s era. And data management in BIM has so many fields like cost control, man-power management, building life-cycle, etc. that are very supportive for various tasks.

So, with all that said, do you want to implement BIM and move light years ahead of others? Indovance can help you as an outsourcing partner for BIM. Indovance offers BIM services that can help you better with planning and controlling the project. You will naturally save costs and time.

To schedule a personal meeting with our sales representative contact on: +1 919 238 4044

For more information, log on to: www.indovance.com or drop an e-mail at: info@indovance.com.

 

BOMA International – Standards For Commercial Project Space Measurement.

BOMA Intl. Banner
What is BOMA International?
Big commercial projects are often difficult to measure, and minor miscalculations can lead to a bigger problem for entities involved in the project. The entire project structure and allocation of spaces needs to be correct and rightly priced for respective space holder. Hence miscalculations in measurements can be tricky at times. So, how does concerned authority make sure, if measurements are taken in correct manner and all the basic things were taken into consideration?

Hence to reduce the complexity and make it simpler, BOMA (Building Owners and Managers Association) International published the standard methods for measuring floor area in commercial offices as a service to the commercial real estate industry and to public. These standard methods are certified by ANSI (American National Standards Institutes) of which BOMA International is a member and certified standard developer.

BOMA International defines method of measuring floor area of commercial office buildings and typically used by the building owners, managers, facility managers, occupants, appraisers, design professionals, measurement professionals, leasing professionals and lending institutes to compute rentable area of the office in US, Canada & some other countries.

Purpose of the BOMA Publications –

  • To permit clear communication among all participants in the commercial real estate industry.
  • To foster consistent, unambiguous measurement of rentable area.
  • To allow comparison of values based on a clearly understood and generally agreed upon method of measurement.
  • To measure space in both existing and new office buildings.

This standard takes a building-wide approach to the measurement of floor area, providing a common basis for measuring not only space that is used exclusively by occupants but also space that benefits all occupants and the allocation thereof to occupants.

Methods of Measurement –
Method AThis standard offers two measurement methods to choose from: The Legacy Method and the Single Load Factor Method. Both methods produce the same building total rentable area of any building. Both methods utilize similar space classifications and boundaries. They differ in the following respects:

Method A (Legacy Method) –
It calculates the rentable areas of the building and each of its floor levels using a methodology that continues many features of the predecessor standard, ANSI/BOMA 1996, such as the floor R/U ratio and the building R/U ratio. While many terms have changed, the general methodology is similar to the predecessor standard with the primary exception being that the application of the floor R/U ratio to building service areas has been discontinued, resulting in slightly different R/U rations and rentable areas.

Method B

Method B (Single Load Factor Method) –
It’s a new class of space, base building circulation and a revised global summary of areas to redistribute the rentable area of the building across its floor levels in a manner that produces an identical load factor on all floor levels of the building. It assumes that base building circulation exists on all floor levels of a building whether they have multiple occupants or a single occupant. This method requires diligent on-going documentation (using tools such as CAD) of base building circulation and extended circulation but may offer leasing advantages and more stability over time in the rentable area of a building.

When applying this standard to measure a building, one must choose and apply between the above stated methods to the entire building. The two methods can not be applied simultaneously within the same building.

The Indovance Edge –
Indovance Inc is an Engineering Business Solutions company which provides Mechanical, Civil, Architectural and Graphical services to its clients. We have proven expertise in the field of Architectural Engineering services (concept development, schematic design to landscaping, 3D rendering), Specialized Architectural Services (Millwork, Digitization, Space planning and detailing, Retail) or BIM services. For more information on our services you may get in touch with us on +1 919-238-4044 or write us at – info@indovance.com.

Construction Documents And Elements

Construction Documents

In our previous article on architectural project planning, we learnt the basics of project planning, permit drawings and things to take care of at project detailing stage. In this article, we will have a look at another important section of project planning – creating construction documents.

Construction documents, also known as working drawings or project blueprints, are the documented format of every technical aspect in the form of drawings and specifications. Drawings gives a clear view of entire structure of the building with respect to what & how it is to be built, material and technology required, installation details and quality standards to be met. The drawings could be created using computer software tools like AutoCAD, Revit etc.

Construction specification are typically created using MS word or other text documents formats, and it is a detail list of deliverables describing working methodology and specifications of quality with performance requirements. Let’s have a look at individual elements involved in it –

Project Information Sheet
As the name suggest, it contains all details of project like cover page, list of drawings, ANSI details, ADA details, and property details like – building type, phases, city pin, location of map, code matrix, zonal details and applicable regulations etc.

Plans
It comprises site plans, floor plans, accessible egress path, demolition plans for existing construction at the project site, landscape plans, life safety plan and slab edge plans etc.

Elevations
Elevations indicates the appearance of the fully constructed building, how it looks from outside. These are the flat images showing its heights, elements, external materials to be applied etc.

Construction Document-Sections

Sections
Section drawings shows hypothetical slices of building elements from the center of building or from specified viewpoints. Typically, elements like wall, foundation, floor to floor height, relationship between floor inside and the ground plan outside etc.

Unit Plans
These plans indicate are the phase, units or different sections of entire project.

Wall Assemblies
Document includes wall assembly details and requirements of materials, quality code compliance etc.

Interior Elevations
It gives you a flat view of vertical surface of interior walls, furniture, floor, power outlets, different elements in house and its height and size. Interior elevation plan and elements change according to project type, like residential, commercial, industrial will have a different interior elevation.

Callout Details
Callout details are keynotes or tags given to different objects like door, window or walls.

Finish Plans
Finish plans indicate materials to be used for floor, walls, Door, windows etc. Finish schedule is a data sheet containing quality, material supplies used, product names and manufacturer etc.

Lift and Staircases
The standard materials for staircase, suppliers of interior & parking elevations equipment’s are described here.

Construction documents are more of technical description of the project and uses Permit Drawings as basic for documentation and specifications.

Indovance Inc, is a business solutions company which provides Architectural and Civil design and drafting services to its global clients. We have proven expertise in the field of Architectural Engineering services (concept development, schematic design to landscaping, 3D rendering), Specialized Architectural Services (Millwork, Digitization, Space planning and detailing, Retail) or BIM services. For more information on our services you may get in touch with us on +1 919-238-4044 or write us at – info@indovance.com