Developing a barren land from scratch to a perfect residential project can be a tedious process. With the number of parties and conditions involved, it can be both, time consuming and expensive. However, following a right process, understanding the norms & local laws can help and prove to be a guide in the course. Let’s understand the entire process step-by-step.
What is Residential Subdivision?
The term subdivision, in Civil Engineering context, can be explained as, division of a tract or a lot into two or more plats, lots, sites or other divisions of land. It can be with the purpose of sale or construction of residential or industrial project. There are different rules, regulations and standards in different states/cities which one must consider before we start the project development process.
Types of Residential Subdivision –
- Single family development
- Mixed use development
- Cluster development
- Planned multi-family development
Process of Residential Subdivision?
Though the process for subdivision may vary slightly project to project, the standard milestones for the process can be outlined as below.
As name suggests, this is the obvious first stage in the process of subdivision. A developer needs to know the exact details about the land property in question, for example – the zoning category of land (residential, industrial or commercial), land development design manual, drainage design manual, lot criteria for single family/multifamily etc. These specifications may vary state or city wise and must be confirmed from the local governing body.
Once the details are acquired and confirmed from the local governing body, next step is to come up with a concept. What can you build on the site? How many units? What can be potential restrictions? Here, the plat preparation needs to be completed with utmost accuracy. Before you decide upon what can be constructed, you must first assess the local council’s development and planning policies and develop plan in accordance with predefined by local governing body policies. It also involves details like, property land boundary, defining possible open spaces, identifying the slops and even/uneven grounds, internal roads, lot design etc. It is also called as preliminary plat preparation and once completed, it is sent to the city governing body office for approval.
Working drawings and documentation
Once approval is received from local governing body office, the most important stage is to create working design and drawings of actual site. This is the most critical stage in the process and must be executed with precision. The site details such as final plat, paving plan, grading plan, earthwork calculation, hydrological calculations, storm pipe designs & analysis, sewer and water network, erosion control plans are drawn with its exact specification. Software tools like AutoCAD Civil3D/Carlson Civil/Bentley can create exact working drawings for you and these can serve two objectives for you –
- It works as instruction guide to builder on what to build
- Considered as a document to be submitted for a construction certificate or a building permit
Construction & Completion
Once the approval is received from the local governing body and financials are worked out, construction can be started. On each stage of the construction, it is important to check, the work is going on as planned and according to the working drawings.
How Indovance can support?
Indovance Inc, is trusted partner for global companies for their design and drafting requirements, may it be for residential, industrial or commercial project development. We can support you right from concept design to delivering the accurate working drawings to be submitted to local governing body. Our experts in Civil Engineering design industry have extensive knowledge of development policies, rules and regulations of different region which helps our client create accurate project designs.